Urinalysis Urine analysis is primarily used because of its low cost.
Safety at work can be negatively affected by many factors, including fatigue, stress, distractions and hazards in the workplace.
Drug and alcohol testing is one method employers sometimes use to address safety concerns arising from drug and alcohol use. Drug and alcohol testing has particular human rights implications for people with addictions.
Drug and alcohol testing policies and programs may be discriminatory based on addictions or perceived addictions.
However, employers should take a proactive approach to workplace drug and alcohol testing. Where these policies are necessary to achieve safety, employers should design them to avoid potential discriminatory impacts. Adopted for a purpose that is rationally connected to performing the job Adopted in an honest and good faith belief that it is necessary to fulfilling that legitimate work-related purpose Reasonably necessary to accomplish that legitimate work-related purpose.
To show this, the employer must demonstrate that it is impossible to accommodate the person without imposing undue hardship upon the employer. The primary reason for conducting drug and alcohol testing should be to measure impairment, as opposed to deterring drug or alcohol use or monitoring moral values among employees.
By focusing on testing that actually measures impairment, especially in jobs that are safety-sensitive, an appropriate balance can be struck between human rights and safety requirements, both for employees and the public. Following a positive test, employers should offer a process of individualized assessment of drug or alcohol addiction and must accommodate employees with addictions to the point of undue hardship.1.
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The Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) works to reduce drug use and its consequences by leading and coordinating the development, implementation, and assessment of U.S. drug policy. WHO Library Cataloguing-in-Publication Data Introduction to drug utilization research / WHO International Working Group for Drug Statistics Methodology, WHO Collaborating Centre for Drug Statistics Methodology.
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