Cambridge University Press - The origins of theater in ancient Greece and beyond:
Etymology[ edit ] The word liturgy, derived from the technical term in ancient Greek Greek: In origin it signified the often expensive offerings wealthy Greeks made in service to the people, and thus to the polis and the state.
The leitourgia were assigned by the polis, the State and Roman Empire and became obligatory in the course of the 3rd century A.
The holder of a Hellenic leitourgia was not taxed a specific sum, but was entrusted with a particular ritual, which could be performed with greater or lesser magnificence.
The chief sphere remained that of civic religion, embodied in the festivals: Eventually, under the Roman Empiresuch obligations, known as munera, devolved into a competitive and ruinously expensive burden that was avoided when possible.
These included a wide range of expenses having to do with civic infrastructure and amenities; and imperial obligations such as highway, bridge and aqueduct repair, supply of various raw materials, bread-baking for troops in transit, just to name a few.
Buddhist liturgy Buddhist liturgy is a formalized service of veneration and worship performed within a Buddhist Sangha community in nearly every traditional denomination and sect in the Buddhist world.
It is often done once or more times a day and can vary among the TheravadaMahayanaand Vajrayana sects.
The liturgy mainly consists of chanting or reciting a sutra or passages from a sutras, a mantra especially in Vajrayanaand several gathas. Depending on what practice the practitioner wishes to undertake, it can be done at a temple or at home.
The liturgy is almost always performed in front of an object or objects of veneration and accompanied by offerings of light, incense, water and food. Jewish liturgy Jewish liturgy are the prayer recitations that form part of the observance of Rabbinic Judaism.
These prayers, often with instructions and commentary, are found in the siddurthe traditional Jewish prayer book.
In general, Jewish men are obligated to pray three times a day within specific time ranges zmanim. Traditionally, three prayer services are recited daily:Sep 21, · Ancient Greek civilization, the period following Mycenaean civilization, which ended about bce, to the death of Alexander the Great, in plombier-nemours.com was a period of political, philosophical, artistic, and scientific achievements that formed a legacy .
The Orthodox Liturgy: The Development of the Eucharistic Liturgy in the Byzantine Rite [Hugh Wybrew] on plombier-nemours.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Western observers never fail to be awestruck at the celebration of the liturgy in an Orthodox church. Hugh Wybrew's authoritative yet highly readable account traces the fascinating story of the Orthodox liturgy from its origins /5(4).
greek orthodox divine liturgy pdf John Chrysostom is today the primary worship service of over million Orthodox Christians around the world, from Greece to plombier-nemours.com Liturgy of St. Deacon: For the Orthodox episcopate of the Russian Church for our lord.
Introduction • Mesopotamia • Egypt • Ancient Greece (Part I) In our last edition of AHFNP we looked at the development of sculpture in Ancient Greece. Thank you to the many hundreds of readers who sent fan mail in response.
Feb 18, · Greek Orthodox liturgy in English Feb 18, , PM I will be in Athens with a group that would like to worship in English, but at a Greek Orthodox church.
Liturgy is the customary public worship performed by a religious group, according to its beliefs, customs and traditions. As a religious phenomenon, liturgy is a communal response to and participation in, the sacred through activity reflecting praise, thanksgiving, supplication or repentance.