The short version is, Justice will be done, those who transgress will suffer, but woe be to those who carry out that justice by taking vengeance-they will, almost inevitably, transgress in their turn, and so they will have to suffer. Yet the taking of vengeance seems to be the only way that justice can be done. The dilemma seems hopeless.
They relentlessly pursue Orestes for the killing of his mother. Oresteia essay justice the Furies asleep, Oresteia essay justice 's ghost comes to wake them up to obtain justice on her son Orestes for killing her.
This trial is made up of a group of twelve Athenian citizens and is supervised by none other than Athena herself. Here Orestes is used as a trial dummy by Athena to set-up the first courtroom trial. He is also the object of central focus between the Furies, Apollo, and Athena. Athena casts the deciding vote and determines that Orestes will not be killed.
She then changes their names from the Furies to "the Eumenides" which means "the Kindly Ones". However, it is widely believed to have been based on the story told in Book IV of Homer 's Odysseywhere Menelaus, Agamemnon's brother, attempts to return home from Troy and finds himself on an island off Egypt, "whither he seems to have been carried by the storm described in Agam.
In the process, Proteus tells Menelaus of the death of Agamemnon at the hands of Aegisthus as well as the fates of Ajax the Lesser and Odysseus at sea; and is compelled to tell Menelaus how to reach home from the island of Pharos.
Analysis of themes[ edit ] In this trilogy there are multiple themes carried through all three plays. Other themes can be found and in one, or two, of the three plays, but are not applicable to the Trilogy as a whole and thus are not considered themes of the trilogy. Justice through retaliation[ edit ] Retaliation is seen in the Oresteia in a slippery slope form, occurring subsequently after the actions of one character to another.
In the first play Agamemnon, it is mentioned how in order to shift the wind for his voyage to Troy, Agamemnon had to sacrifice his innocent daughter Iphigenia.
Therefore, she found a new lover Aegisthus. And when Agamemnon returned to Argos from the Trojan WarClytemnestra killed him by stabbing him in the bathtub and would eventually inherit his throne. Through much pressure from Electra and his cousin Pylades Orestes eventually kills his mother Clytemnestra and her lover Aegisthus in "The Libation Bearers".
And even after he gets away from them Clytemnestra's spirit comes back to rally them again so that they can kill Orestes and obtain vengeance for her. After Orestes begged Athena for deliverance from 'the Erinyes ,' she granted him his request in the form of a trial.
This is the first example of proper litigation in the trilogy and illuminates the change from emotional retaliation to civilized decisions regarding alleged crimes. In addition, Athena set up the ground rules for how the verdict would be decided so that everything would be dealt with fairly.
By Athena creating this blueprint the future of revenge-killings and the merciless hunting of the Furies would be eliminated from Greece. Once the trial concluded, Athena proclaimed the innocence of Orestes and he was set free from the Furies. The cycle of murder and revenge had come to an end while the foundation for future litigation had been laid.
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Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. January Learn how and when to remove this template message There are many didactic motives in the Oresteia, one of them being the matter of moral responsibility. The characters in the play often face difficulty when it comes to accepting the blame for their actions.
Two main characters that are prime examples of this are Orestes and Agamemnon. Moral responsibility is "the status of morally deserving praise, blame, reward, or punishment for an act or omission, in accordance with one's moral obligations. It can be argued that Agamemnon did not accept moral responsibility for sacrificing his daughter, Iphigenia, in order to be able to sail to Troy without the wind interfering.
This does not mean that Agamemnon was not morally responsible. Both sides of the argument stand; that because of the circumstances surrounding his actions, Agamemnon cannot be seen as morally responsible, or, no matter the circumstances, he was morally responsible for killing his daughter.
However, with Apollo stepping in to tell the truth about what had occurred, that he had in fact pushed Orestes to kill his own mother, Orestes can be seen to hold no moral responsibility over the death of Clytemnestra. Clytemnestra is another character that is able to be analyzed in terms of moral responsibility, her premeditated killing of Agamemnon was an act of revenge and allows for us to see her as morally responsible for her husband's death.
Revenge[ edit ] The theme of revenge plays a large role in the Oresteia. It is easily seen as a principal motivator of the actions of almost all of the characters. It all starts in Agamemnon with Clytemnestra, who murders her husband, Agamemnon, in order to obtain vengeance for his sacrificing of their daughter, Iphigenia.
The death of Cassandra, the princess of Troy, taken captive by Agamemnon in order to fill a place as a concubine, can also be seen as an act of revenge for taking another woman as well as the life of Iphigenia. Later on, in The Libation Bearers, Orestes and Electra, siblings as well as the other children of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, plot to kill their mother and succeed in doing so due to their desire to avenge their father's death.
The Eumenides is the last book in which the Furies, who are in fact the goddesses of vengeance, seek to take revenge on Orestes for the murder of his mother.
It is also in this part of the novel that it is discovered that the god Apollo played a part in the act of vengeance toward Clytemnestra through Orestes. The cycle of revenge seems to be broken when Orestes is not killed by the Furies, but is instead allowed to be set free and deemed innocent by the goddess Athena.Download file to see previous pages In order to clearly depict this play writer divided it into three elements including the society, courts and the norms of the society.
In the play the characters insist on the need to suffer in order to obtain truth and justice in the society. The Course to Better Grades. With a little help from experts, you’ll be on your way up, pronto. Here’s how it works. Search We scour the world for brainiac educators, many with masters and PhDs in their respective fields from fancy universities across the world.
So, let me encourage you to read the Oresteia and make your way through these questions provided by Mortimer Adler. I. Aeschylus’ Agamemnon, Choephoroe, and Eumenides Was justice done to Orestes? Aeschylus - the Oresteia (Agamemnon, Libation Bearers and Eumenides) The Oresteia offers the reader a close and intensive immersion with a truly pained universe of suffering: each play still has at its core a sense of flush of promise and vibrancy of Athens .
A jury trial, or trial by jury, is a lawful proceeding in which a jury makes a decision or findings of plombier-nemours.com is distinguished from a bench trial in which a judge or panel of judges makes all decisions..
Jury trials are used in a significant share of serious criminal cases in almost all common law lawful systems (Singapore, for example, is an exception), and .
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